Alanya, is taking place in the Mediterranean region of Turkey and is a touristic county of Antalya city. It’s 105 km.’s far from Antalya airport, and 35 km.’s from Gazipaşa airport. Alanya presents itself at the south coast of Turkey, and has got 1.598,51 km2 area and (according to the 2011 population census) 248.286 total citizen (at the county town 103.673). A large majority of its citizens are Turkish but there are living also living up to 10.000 Europeans in this region.
In the north of Alanya are the Toros Mountains and in the south the Mediterranean Sea. It’s being built upon a small peninsula. In the archaic age Alanya took place between Pamphylia and Cilicia; therefore, Alanya was from time to time mentioned as a Pamphylian and Cilician town.
There isn’t much information about the regions first ages of Byzantine left. According to what the famous historian Heredot wrote in 1820 B.C. that after the Trojan War they came and settle down here and that the locals host them.
In the 7th century A.D. during the Arabian raids the city defense became more important, and in order to protect them against the raids they gave priority to build the Alanya castle. Therefore in Alanya and environment a lot of castle construction last back to the 6th and 7th century. The city’s oldest known name was Korakesium. During the Byzantine it was called Kalanoros.
Alaaddin Keykubad who was an Anatolian Seljuk Sultan overtake the Alanya castle in 1221 A.D. He got married to Kyr Vart’s daughter and changed the name to Alaiye and constructed a palace. The Seljuk’s used as their capital city Konya as well as Alanya as a second winter capital, and made a lot of public works. During Alaaddin Keykubat’s rule the city lived its heyday. Today castle, shipyard and most of the standing constructions belong to this term.
Alanya’s natural beauties
While nature’s beauty was distributed Alanya get exceedingly shares of it. It’s one of the most beautiful coastal regions of the Mediterranean. With its kilometers of beaches, mainly sand beaches. At some places the sand is so thin that it won’t adhere to the body… Alanya’s natural color of the Mediterranean turns from blue into turquoise, and immediately at its back rise the Toros Mountains… The Toros with its pine and cedar forests and its rivers and valleys that break off the peaks create an utterly different world… The city center gets when the orange trees bloom as if it was washed with perfume; every season colorful flowers decorate the wayside cheer up and relaxes every human being in Alanya… It’s caves are both on land as well as the sea; they are fascinating, mysterious, and curative… And the sun is life… Alanya is the place where the sun smiles…
Alanya’s Beaches consist of wide sand beaches and obtain a blue flag. A blue flag is given for beaches that are used for swimming and shows the cleanness of the sea as an international controlling and evaluating application. The blue flag is given and valid for 1 year to beaches that fulfill the required specifications. Every 15 days a microbiological and physicochemical analysis is done.
The color of Alanya’s sea turns from blue into turquois. You can see by naked eye at still air the fish swimming on the ground. Alanya’s city center is according to its historical peninsula West and East side beaches. There are at the West side Damlataş and Kleopatra, in the East Keykubat and Portakal beaches. Outside the city center there are Ulaş, Konaklı, Fuğla, İncekum, Mahmutlar beaches. At the beaches in Alanya international and local authorities’ regulations are being applied. According to them the entrance to the beaches and the showers are for free. Sunbeds and sunshades being charged; it isn’t compulsory to use this services. There is no price difference at beach restaurants who serve food and drinks. At the beaches boats and water sport vehicles couldn’t come closer than determined distance; the swimming areas are determined with barriers. Security at beaches is under the responsibility of private security officers and at sea coast guards are controlling.
Beginning at the Toros Mountains this stream is approximately 60 km.’s long. At the last part before flowing into the sea Alanya county’s touristic services start. Its water is cold in winter as well in summer; especially in summer it’s an ideal place for persons who want escape from the depressing hot Mediterranean. There are a lot of restaurants and tea gardens on the parallel road. The restaurants and picnic places common trait is that they have tables put into the stream water. At the upper parts of the stream is being used for rafting.
Toros mountains and its tablelands (plateaus)
It’s a part of a millenary tradition of the Turkish yuruk (nomads) to go up to the tablelands and stay there in summer. Until the last century in spring, small town people empty their town and go up together to the tablelands. At tablelands 1000 meters above the sea level on the Toros Mountains they put up their goat hair woven tents, on one hand their herds are grassing, on the other hand they produce cheese and butter, wave carpets and rugs. Modern houses took nowadays the place of the tents. The Toros hide natures beyond comparison beauty with its pine and cedar trees covered forests, deep valleys, its peaks that reach the clouds, and its streams starting at its peaks. The tablelands are a mecca for foreigners as well as domestic tourists; at excursion picnic places the old nomad customs are still living.
There is a passage of 50 m.’s at the West side of the historical peninsula at the entrance of the cave. The passage height reaches 15 m.’s after that it continues cylindrical part. From this place you can reach the bottom of the cave. Semi-crystalized limestone stalactite and stalagmites were formed within 15.000 years. The cave is famous for its enchanting beauty as well as its air is good for asthma patients. The cave air doesn’t change in summer or winter season; the temperature is 22 degrees, and the humidity is 95 constant pressure value is 760 mm.
The location of the cave is 12 km.’s at the East of Alanya, at 1.649 m.’s height at the mountain slope of Cebel-i Reis Mountain. The cave is 232m.’s above the sea level. It’s the second big cave that is opened to foreign and domestic tourists. It’s estimated that its one (1) million years old. It has got two passages that lead into the cave one is 50 and the other 360 m.’s long. The cave that consists of stalactite and stalagmites has got a small lake at the bottom. The cave which can be walked down and up by stairs, the ambiance looks like a fantastical film decoration.